In a nutshell
This study investigated if urinary incontinence (UI) affects sexual function in women. They found that severe UI was associated with higher sexual dysfunction (SD) levels in women.
Urinary incontinence (UI) is the inability to control urination. There are several types of UI. These include stress UI (SUI), urge UI (UUI) and mixed UI (MUI). UI is common in women that have had natural deliveries. It is most common in women that have had multiple natural births. UI can have a negative impact on the quality of life (QOL). Many women feel embarrassed about their condition. It can lead to problems in other areas.
Many women with UI also experience sexual dysfunction (SD). SD can include low arousal, urine leakage dure intercourse or inability to orgasm. The degree of SD varies between women with UI. Some studies suggest that certain types of UI may be more likely to develop SD. It is unclear if the severity of UI increases the level of SD.
Methods & findings
This study included 108 women with UI. Women were grouped according to the type of UI. Women were asked to complete questionnaires to rate their symptoms of UI. They also completed a questionnaire on SD.
78.1% of women had SD. This was not significantly different between the types of UI. The severity of UI was associated with higher SD rates in women with SUI and MUI. Severe UI was associated with lower rates of orgasm, arousal, and lubrication. Severe UI was also associated with lower physical, emotional and personal QOL.
The bottom line
The authors concluded that severe UI was associated with higher SD levels in women.
The fine print
SD has many causes. Almost half of the women in this study were post-menopausal. The menopause is known to cause SD. More studies are needed.
If you have any concerns regarding UI please consult with your physician.
Published By :
International urogynecology journal
Aug 28, 2019