In a nutshell This study compared minimal ovarian stimulation (MOS) to conventional ovarian stimulation (COS) in women undergoing fertility treatment. They found that MOS resulted in greater numbers of good-quality embryos and oocytes (eggs) in these women. Some background During fertility treatment, women undergo controlled ovarian...Read More
Infertility Posts on Medivizor
Early vs. conventional: does the timing of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone antagonist improve fertility outcomes in polycystic ovarian syndrome?
In a nutshell This study investigated the effects of an early gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) protocol in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). They found that an early GnRH antagonist protocol may improve fertility outcome in women with PCOS. Some background Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) Is a common cause of female infertility....Read More
In a nutshell This study investigated if human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) improves implantation in women seeking fertility treatment. They found that hCG treatment improved implantation rates after embryo transfer (ET; the process of transferring fertilized eggs into the womb of a woman undergoing in vitro fertilization). Some background...Read More
Determining ongoing pregnancy following frozen-embryo transfer: what is the cut-off for progesterone levels?
In a nutshell This study investigated if progesterone (PGO) levels determine ongoing pregnancy after hormone replacement therapy frozen embryo transfer (HRT-FET). They found that the PGO levels below 35 nmol/l lower the chance of ongoing pregnancies. Some background Infertility is a condition that is becoming increasingly more common. There...Read More
In a nutshell This study investigated if the interpregnancy interval (IPI; the time between pregnancies) has an effect on the following pregnancy. They found that an IPI of less than 12 months or greater than 60 months is associated with worse pregnancy outcomes. Some background The interpregnancy interval (IPI) is the time between the end of one...Read More
In a nutshell This study investigated the use of progestogen (PTG) to prevent miscarriage in women with recurrent miscarriages (RM). They found that PTG reduces the chance of miscarriage in following pregnancies. Some background Pregnancy loss or miscarriage affects many women. Some women may experience several miscarriages, or recurrent miscarriages...Read More
Treating infertility: is letrozole more effective than clomiphene for patients with polycystic ovary syndrome?
In a nutshell This study investigated if letrozole (Femara) improves fertility outcomes in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. They found that letrozole was not superior to clomiphene (Clomid) in treating infertility in these women. Some background Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that can lead to infertility. It is...Read More
In a nutshell This study reviewed the use of vaccinations for women seeking fertility. Some background Vaccinations are used to prevent developing certain diseases. In some cases, a woman seeking fertility treatment may not be vaccinated. Complications may arise if a woman is not fully vaccinated. There may be risks to both the mother and...Read More
In a nutshell This study investigated if a technology that detects chromosomal abnormalities (PGT-A) can improve in vitro fertilization (IVF) success. They found that this technology reduced the risk of failed embryo transfer and clinical miscarriage. Some background In vitro fertilization (IVF) is an assisted reproductive technology (ART). Eggs...Read More
In a nutshell This study investigated factors affecting monozygotic twins (MZT) rates in patients undergoing fertility treatment. They found that embryo stage at transfer and higher embryos numbers increased the risk of MZT. Some background Monozygotic is the term used to describe identical twins. Monozygotic twins (MZT) occur when two embryos form...Read More
In a nutshell This study reviewed dietary factors that may influence male fertility. Some background Male infertility is an increasing problem. In many cases, there is no obvious cause for male infertility. Some studies suggest that diet may play a role in this. Men that are overweight or obese are more likely to be infertile. The importance of a...Read More
In a nutshell This study reviewed the link between smoking and reduced fertility. Some background Smoking is not recommended for pregnant women. It is linked to a number of pregnancy complications. These include miscarriage, low birth weight, and premature labor. The effect of smoking on male and female fertility is less well understood. The American...Read More