Can kidney stones increase risk of heart attack and stroke?
In a nutshell
This study researched the evidence that kidney stones increase risk of coronary heart disease (CHD – narrowing of blood vessels in the heart that may lead to heart attack) and stroke. The study found that kidney stones increase the risk of CHD and stroke.
Kidney stones are a common problem that can lead to pain and chemical changes in the body. Cardiovascular issues such as coronary heart disease (CHD) are a common problem that can lead to heart attacks or stroke. It is important to research if there is a link between kidney stones and CHD and stroke.
Methods & findings
A meta-analysis (a review of all available research) was carried out on relevant studies. 8 studies of 11 different groups were included. These involved 3,658,360 participants and 157,037 cases.
Overall, kidney stones were associated with a 24% increased risk of CHD and a 21% increased risk of stroke. The risk of CHD was 23% higher in men with kidney stones than women. The risk of stroke was 12% higher in women with kidney stones than men.
The bottom line
The study concluded that kidney stones were linked with a higher risk of coronary heart disease and stroke.
The fine print
Not all studies included may have the same level of relevance. Different types of kidney stones were not assessed.
Talk to your doctor about reducing your risk of CHD and stroke if you have had kidney stones.
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