In a nutshell
This study investigated if adherence to exercise programs (EP) affects the recovery of stroke survivors. Researchers suggested that increased adherence improved recovery after a moderate stroke.
Every year, more than 795,000 people in the US have a stroke. Of these, about 87% are ischemic strokes. This happens when the blood flow to the brain is cut off. Brain cells stop receiving oxygen and begin to die. The abilities controlled by these cells are lost causing symptoms such as arm paralysis.
EP is recommended after a stroke, as part of recovery. However, a significant number of patients have limited capacity to join EPs.
Prior studies showed that adherence to EPs is very important for a successful recovery. However, these studies have short-follow up periods.
The effects of poor EP adherence on long-term recovery outcomes remain unclear.
Methods & findings
This study included information about 186 patients with moderate stroke. These patients enrolled in an EP. The program consisted of 30 minutes of daily activity and 45 to 60 minutes of weekly exercise.
Adherence was assessed by reviewing the training diaries kept by the participants. After 18 months, participants with increased adherence had improved recovery outcomes.
The bottom line
This study concluded that adherence to EP is associated with better recovery outcomes after a stroke.
The fine print
This study was based on self-reported data from participants. Information collected in this way is not always reliable. Further studies are needed.
Published By :
Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
Jul 30, 2019