In a nutshell
This study investigated the effectiveness of backward walking (BW) training in the treatment of patients with stroke. Researchers suggested that BW improves walking, including speed and balance in stroke survivors.
Stroke is a major health problem in the US with more than 795,000 new cases every year. It happens when the blood flow to the brain is cut-off. This can be due to a blood clot or burst blood vessel. The brain cells stop receiving oxygen and begin to die. These cells lose their abilities to control body functions which causes symptoms such as paralysis.
BW training is a simple method that may improve rehabilitation. It has been shown to improve body movements, muscle strength, and balance. However, the effectiveness of BW in stroke patients who also have limb (arms or legs) dysfunction is not known.
Methods & findings
This study reviewed 10 other studies including information about stroke survivors who underwent BW. Overall, 255 patients were included. BW was compared to other control therapies.
All included studies suggested that BW is associated with positive effects in the rehabilitation of stroke patients. BW was associated with improved walking, walking speed, and balance when compared to standard therapy.
The bottom line
This study concluded that BW is associated with improved walking outcomes in stroke survivors with disability.
The fine print
The studies included were small and few used randomization for the procedures evaluated. Further controlled studies are needed.
Published By :
Jul 02, 2020