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Posted by on Jan 15, 2018 in Rheumatoid Arthritis | 0 comments

In a nutshell

This study investigated if a Mediterranean diet improved disease management in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

They found that a Mediterranean diet is associated with improvement in rheumatoid arthritis symptoms.

Some background

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory disease that causes painful swelling and degeneration of joint tissue. Patients are prescribed drugs to reduce the inflammatory response.

Some research suggests lifestyle factors including diet may contribute to the severity of RA. The Mediterranean diet is a balanced diet that is rich in nutrients and compounds that are anti-inflammatory. The diet includes olive oil, unrefined cereals, fresh fruit and vegetables, and moderate protein levels. Studies have shown that a Mediterranean diet can aid in preventing and treating cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and many cancers.

Methods & findings

This study investigated if there is an improvement in the prevention and treatment of RA in patients following a Mediterranean diet.

This study included data from 4 clinical reports. Two of these reports investigated the Mediterranean diet and the risk of developing RA. Two of these reports investigated if intervention with a Mediterranean diet improved RA symptoms. The follow up period ranged from 6 months to 25 years.  

Mediterranean diet is not associated with an increased or decreased chance of developing RA. Intervention with a Mediterranean improved RA symptoms including pain and physical function.

The bottom line

They found that a Mediterranean diet was associated with improvement in rheumatoid arthritis symptoms.

The fine print

This study included a very small number of clinical reports. A greater number of studies are needed to fully understand the potential benefits (if any) of a Mediterranean diet for treating RA.

What’s next?

If you have any concerns regarding rheumatoid arthritis treatment, please discuss with your physician. 

Published By :

Rheumatology International

Date :

Dec 18, 2017

Original Title :

The effects of the Mediterranean diet on rheumatoid arthritis prevention and treatment: a systematic review of human prospective studies.

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