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Posted by on Jun 14, 2019 in Parkinson's Disease | 0 comments

In a nutshell

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of a four-week therapy program on forward trunk flexion (FTF) in patients with Parkinson's disease. Researchers suggested that this training program improved FTF.

Some background

Parkinson's disease (PD) affects brain cells. These cells are responsible for different body functions including muscle function. One of the complications associated with muscles is FTF (when a person leans forward). This results in imbalance, pain, and falls. These affect the quality of life of patients with PD. FTF cannot be treated with PD medication. Other physical treatments are also of limited effectiveness.

Prior studies showed that trunk-specific therapy might be associated with improved spine abnormalities. However, it is not clear how this therapy could affect patients with PD and FTF.

Methods & findings

This study included 37 patients with PD and FTF. These patients were randomly assigned to receive specific FTF treatment (19; group 1) or standard therapy (18; group 2). Group 1 therapy consisted of self-correction exercises, trunk exercises and performing daily tasks. Group 2 received standard therapy which included exercise for muscle function, gait (walking) and balance exercises.

These patients received treatment 5 days a week, for 60 minutes a day for 4 weeks. Patients were followed-up before treatment, at 1 month and 1 month after treatment.

Group 1 reported a greater reduction in FTF when compared to group 2.  Balance was also greatly improved in group 1 when compared to group 2.

The bottom line

This study concluded that the four-week FTF training program decreased FTF and improved postural control in patients with PD.

The fine print

This study had a very small number of participants and treatment period. Larger studies are needed for stronger evidence.

Published By :

Parkinsonism & related disorders

Date :

May 03, 2019

Original Title :

Four-week trunk-specific exercise program decreases forward trunk flexion in Parkinson’s disease: A single-blinded, randomized controlled trial.

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