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Posted by on Nov 5, 2015 in Diabetes mellitus | 0 comments

In a nutshell

This review examined the findings from studies which looked at the connection between low blood glucose levels and brain function.

Some background

Diabetics who experience hypoglycemia (dangerously low blood sugar levels) may have a higher risk of experiencing dementia. Dementia is a group of brain disorders, including memory changes and personality changes. Dementia generally affects elderly individuals. Diabetic patients who have dementia may also have a higher risk of experiencing low blood glucose (sugar) levels.

Methods & findings

This review examined the relationship between hypoglycemia and dementia. Five studies investigating the relationship between low blood glucose levels and brain function in diabetics were included. These studies included elderly diabetic patients over the age of 55. All diabetic patients were treated with glucose-lowering medication. The results of these five studies were combined and analyzed together.

Low blood glucose levels increased the risk of dementia by 68%. Dementia increased the risk of having low blood glucose levels by 61%.

The bottom line

This study concluded that low blood glucose levels can increase the risk of dementia. Likewise, dementia can also increase the risk of having low blood glucose levels. The authors suggested that treatment for elderly patients at risk of dementia be carefully monitored.

The fine print

This review pooled together results from individual studies. The measurements of low blood glucose levels and dementia therefore differed slightly between studies.

What’s next?

Consult your physician regarding the strategies which can be taken to prevent or treat low blood glucose levels.

Published By :

Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism

Date :

Oct 09, 2015

Original Title :

Bi-directional Interaction Between Hypoglycaemia And Cognitive Impairment In Elderly Patients Treated with Glucose Lowering Agents: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

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