In a nutshell
This study investigated the effects of World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) guidelines in the health-related quality of life of patients who survived colorectal cancer. Researchers suggested that following these guidelines might be associated with improved health.
In 2007 the WCRF/AICR suggested a healthy diet and physical exercise guidelines to avoid cancer. It was also recommended that cancer survivors follow these guidelines. Thus, reducing the risk of recurrence and improving survival.
Colorectal cancer is associated with a high rate of complications after treatment. Patients who survive cancer often have long-term complications that affect their quality of life. Prior studies showed positive results of WCRF/AICR in breast cancer patients. However, it is still not clear how these guidelines affect colorectal cancer survivors.
Methods & findings
This study investigated the effects of WCRF/AICR guidelines in the health of patients who no longer have colorectal cancer. This study included 1096 patients who survived colorectal cancer. Questionnaires were used to evaluate fatigue and quality of life. Adherence to these guidelines was also assessed.
34% of patients adhered to body index recommendations (maintaining body index under 25kg/m2, corresponding to a healthy weight). 75% of patients respected physical activity recommendations (moderately active, corresponding to brisk walking 30 minutes every day). 58% respected healthy eating patterns. This involves avoiding sugary drinks, eating at least 400g vegetables and fruits every day, eating less than 500g/week processed foods and limiting alcohol consumption to less than 2 drinks a day for men and one a day for women.
Patients who followed the recommendations had better global health. This included physical, mental and social health. They also had the lowest levels of fatigue.
The bottom line
This study concluded that adherence to WCRF/AICR guidelines can improve the global health of colorectal cancer survivors.
If you have concerns regarding lifestyle recommendations discuss this with your doctor.
Published By :
Supportive care in cancer: official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Mar 29, 2019
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